Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

3 (2) Factorial Design Assisted Crushed Puffed Rice-HPMC-Chitosan based Hydrodynamically Balanced System of Metoprolol Succinate

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 3 ]


Shashank Soni*, Veerma Ram and Anurag Verma   Pages 237 - 249 ( 13 )


Introduction: Hydrodynamically balanced system (HBS) possesses prolonged and continuous delivery of the drug to the gastrointestinal tract which improves the rate and extent of medications that have a narrow absorption window. The objective of this work was to develop a Hydrodynamically Balanced System (HBS) of Metoprolol Succinate (MS) as a model drug for sustained stomach specific delivery.

Methods: Experimental batches were designed according to 3(2) Taguchi factorial design. A total of 9 batches were prepared for batch size 100 capsules each. Formulations were prepared by physically blending MS with polymers followed by encapsulation into hard gelatin capsule shell of size 0. Polymers used were Low Molecular Weight Chitosan (LMWCH), Crushed Puffed Rice (CPR), and Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose K15 M (HPMC K15M). Two factors used were buoyancy time (Y1) and time taken for 60% drug release (T60%; Y2).

Results: The drug excipient interaction studies were performed by the thermal analysis method which depicts that no drug excipient interaction occurs. In vitro buoyancy studies and drug release studies revealed the efficacy of HBS to remain gastro retentive for a prolonged period and concurrently sustained the release of MS in highly acidic medium. All formulations followed zero-order kinetics.

Conclusion: Developed HBS of MS with hydrogel-forming polymers could be an ideal delivery system for sustained stomach specific delivery and would be useful for the cardiac patients where the prolonged therapeutic action is required.


Response surface methodology, hydrodynamically balanced system, taguchi factorial design, buoyancy time, T60% drug release, stomach specific delivery.


Department of Pharmaceutics, Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Campus, Lucknow, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Sardar Bhagwan Singh University, Dehradun, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, IFTM University, Moradabad

Graphical Abstract:

Read Full-Text article