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Nevirapine Pharmaceutical Cocrystal: Design, Development and Formulation

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Prabhakar Panzade*, Priyanka Somani and Pavan Rathi   Pages 240 - 247 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background and Objective: The top approach to deliver poorly soluble drugs is the use of a highly soluble form. The present study was conducted to enhance the solubility and dissolution of a poorly aqueous soluble drug nevirapine via a pharmaceutical cocrystal. Another objective of the study was to check the potential of the nevirapine cocrystal in the dosage form.

Methods: A neat and liquid assisted grinding method was employed to prepare nevirapine cocrystals in a 1:1 and 1:2 stoichiometric ratio of drug:coformer by screening various coformers. The prepared cocrystals were preliminary investigated for melting point and saturation solubility. The selected cocrystal was further confirmed by Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), and Xray Powder Diffraction (XRPD). Further, the cocrystal was subjected to in vitro dissolution study and formulation development.

Results: The cocrystal of Nevirapine (NVP) with Para-Amino Benzoic Acid (PABA) coformer prepared by neat grinding in 1:2 ratio exhibited greater solubility. The shifts in IR absorption bands, alterations in DSC thermogram, and distinct XRPD pattern showed the formation of the NVP-PABA cocrystal. Dissolution of NVP-PABA cocrystal enhanced by 38% in 0.1N HCl. Immediate release tablets of NVP-PABA cocrystal exhibited better drug release and less disintegration time.

Conclusion: A remarkable increase in the solubility and dissolution of NVP was obtained through the cocrystal with PABA. The cocrystal also showed great potential in the dosage form which may provide future direction for other drugs.

Keywords:

Nevirapine, cocrystal, solubility, dissolution, tablet, neat grinding.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, CIDCO, N-6, Aurangabad, Department of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, CIDCO, N-6, Aurangabad, Department of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, CIDCO, N-6, Aurangabad

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